Save the Girl Child
“Save the Girl Child” is a social initiative in India to fight against the practice of female infanticide. The initiative also aims at protecting, safeguarding, supporting, and educating the girl child.
Our present Prime Minister has requested every section of the society to extend whole hearted support to the “Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao“ abhiyan (initiative). ‘Beth Bachao’ means ‘save girl child’ and ‘Beth Padhao’ means ‘educate the girl child.’
Female infanticide is both a national problem and a social evil. It’s unbelievable that the urge for a boy-child makes people so cruel that they become so heartless as to kill the yet to be born.
Causes of female foeticide
Various scholars have suggested different possible causes for the problem of female infanticide.
1. Low position of women: Women have been subjected to injustice since ages. Some people feel that the birth of girl child may lower their status in the society. There is an extreme desire for boy-child among some sections of our society.
2. Extreme poverty: People who live in extreme poor condition often think that the girl child would cause more economic hardship to them. The social evil of dowry system further worsens the situation. Some people think that they will to have to arrange for huge dowry for her marriage, when the daughter grows up.
3. Illiteracy: Illiteracy is the leading cause of all social evils. Illiterate people are ignorant people, and not able to judge their actions in the right perspective.
4. Dowry system: Dowry system refers to the custom of paying money and other valuables to the groom’s family at the time of marriage. This tradition was probably introduced to give financial assistance to the newly wed couple. However, often, it is seen that the greedy family members of the groom demand huge amount of money at the time of marriage. Dowry is viewed as a huge burden by the parents of the girl-child.